Recognition Is often used in the context of the recognition of 1) of the existence of another State (e.g. B where a new State is formed) or (2) the existence of a Government that effectively controls a State by a State. The term „de facto recognition“ means the recognition of the actual existence of a State or a Government of a State, but it also means the refusal of full official recognition of that State. When the latter is extended, it is called „de jure recognition“. It is a distinction that is based more on diplomatic accommodation than on logic. International agreements on diplomatic immunity remain indispensable. Diplomats are the personal representatives of their countries and can therefore be the target of irritation, aggression or even unbridled hatred, for example when the host State does not agree with the policy of the sending State. All over the world, there are daily cases where diplomats and representatives of international organizations are in need of international protection. Press release A brief public summary statement issued following important bilateral or multilateral meetings. These tend to be boring and full of standard phrases such as „full and open discussions“ and something like that. On occasion, reaching an agreement on the communiqué turns out to be the most difficult part of the meeting. In this procedure, the sending State formally requests the agreement of the host State through an application for accreditation before appointing a diplomat in the host State. If the designated diplomat is acceptable to the host State, the host State shall give approval.
A diplomat who arrives on arrival in the host State carries a letter of accreditation, normally called a letter of credence, from the sending State to the head of the host State. This is submitted to the head of the host State and the diplomat is thus accepted as a member of the diplomatic corps of the host State and placed on a diplomatic list. The designated person shall enjoy diplomatic immunity in the host State. Country Team An American diplomatic term that means the cabinet of ambassadors. It consists of its deputy head, the heads of all the main services of the embassy and the heads of all other elements (military, agricultural, aid, information and culture, etc.) who work under him in the „embassy community“. Convention An agreement between two or more States, often more, on matters of common interest. Although it is purportedly used for minor matters compared to what is provided for in a treaty, it often deals with important issues, indeed, of international postal laws and copyright, for example the law of the sea. High Commission A diplomatic representation of one Commonwealth country in another.
For example, Canada has a high commission in Canberra, Australia. Messenger These are rare today, but they were once very common. An embassy is a diplomatic mission that, for most practical purposes, resembles a message, but is below rank and headed by a minister and not an ambassador. For most of the last century, American diplomatic representation abroad was limited to embassies, and for much of that century, the United States was represented in more countries by embassies than by embassies. Embassy Counsellor A high-level diplomatic title that ranks just behind an ambassador and a minister. In many messages, there is no minister and the counsellor is the second, that is, the deputy head of the mission. (In a very small message, the second may not have this rank). In a large message, the secondary officer may be a minister or a ministerial adviser, in this case the heads of the larger sections have the rank of adviser. For example, the messages of political advisers, economic advisers, an administrative adviser are known and respected in diplomatic life.
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